Chinese Festival – New Year’s Day

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New Year’s Day, that is, January 1 of the Gregorian calendar, is the “New Year” commonly known by most countries in the world. Yuan means “beginning”, and the beginning of all numbers is called “yuan”; Dan means “day”; “New Year’s Day” means “initial day”.
“New Year’s Day” usually refers to the first day of the first month in the calendar. In our country, the term “New Year’s Day” has existed since ancient times, and was first seen in “Book of Jin” in literary works. The “New Year’s Day” in Chinese history refers to the “first day of the first lunar month”. The calculation method of the “first lunar month” was very inconsistent before the Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty.
After the Revolution of 1911, to “travel Xiazheng, so the agricultural period, from the Western calendar, so the statistics”, the first year of the Republic of China decided to use the Gregorian calendar (actual use is 1912), and stipulated that January 1 of the Gregorian calendar is the “New Year”, but not called “New Year’s Day”. In 1949, the People’s Republic of China took January 1 of the Gregorian calendar as New Year’s Day, so “New Year’s Day” in China is also called “Gregorian Year”, “New Calendar Year” or “Gregorian Year”.
On New Year’s Day 2021, there will be a holiday from January 1 to 3, a total of 3 days.
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Name interpretation

Yuan means “beginning”, and the beginning of every number is called “yuan”; Dan means “day”; “New Year’s Day” means “initial day”. The term “New Year’s Day” usually refers to the first day of the first month in the calendar, such as “first day of the first month” in the lunar calendar, “1 day of January in the solar calendar” and so on. In Chinese history, “the first day of the first lunar month” has many titles, such as New Year’s Day, New Year’s Day, Yuanzheng, Yuanchen, Yuanchun, Shangri, and New Year’s Day, etc. However, among many titles, the term “New Year’s Day” is the most common. The longest.

 

Calendar concept

The first day of the lunar calendar

The concept of “New Year’s Day” in China has always been referred to as “the first day of the first lunar month. The calculation method of the “first lunar month” was also very inconsistent before the Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. Therefore, the new year’s day, month, and day in the past dynasties are also not consistent. Xia period The first month of the summer calendar is Spring January, the first month in December in the Yin calendar of the Shang period, and November is the first month in the weekly calendar of the Zhou period. After Qin Shihuang unified China, October was the first month of winter, that is, early October. The first is New Year’s Day. Starting from Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, the first day of the first month of January is called New Year’s Day, and it has been used until the end of the Qing Dynasty.
“The first day of the first lunar month” was called “Yuanzheng” in Cui Yuan’s “Sanzi Chai Ming” in the Han Dynasty, and “Yuan Chen” in the “Yangdu Fu” by Yu in the Jin Dynasty; and “Yuanhui Daxiangge in the Northern Qi Dynasty” “Emperor Xia Ci” is called “Yuan Chun” in the poem “Yuan Shuo” in Tang Dzong-Li Shi’s “Yuan Ri retiring from the dynasty to watch the army return to camp”.
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The first day of the solar calendar

In 1911, the Revolution of 1911 led by Sun Yat-sen overthrew the rule of the Manchu and Qing Dynasties and established the Republic of China. To “travel Xiazheng, so follow the agricultural period, from the Western calendar, so the statistics”, the first year of the Republic of China decided to use the Gregorian calendar (actual use is 1912), and stipulated that January 1 of the Gregorian calendar is “New Year”, but it is not called ” New Year’s Day”. The governors of the provinces decided to use the Gregorian calendar at a meeting in Nanjing, calling the first month of the lunar calendar the “Spring Festival” and January 1 of the Gregorian calendar as the “New Year’s Day”, but it was not officially announced at that time.
On January 1, 1912, the Republic of China announced its establishment. Sun Yat-sen took office as the interim president in Nanjing. In his oath of office, Sun Yat-sen ended with “New Year’s Day in the first year of the Republic of China”. This is the origin of China’s “New Year’s Day”.
On September 27, 1949, the first Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference decided to establish the People’s Republic of China, and at the same time, it also decided to adopt the universal AD chronology, which is what we call the solar calendar. New Year’s Day refers to the first day of the first year of the New Year.
To distinguish the two new years of the Xia calendar and the Gregorian calendar, and since the first day of the first month of the Xia calendar is just before and after the ” Beginning of Spring ” in the twenty-four solar terms, the first day of the first month of the Xia calendar is renamed the “Spring Festival”, and January 1 is designated as the New Year. The beginning of “New Year’s Day” was included as a statutory holiday and became a national holiday.
Every year, January 1st marks the arrival of a new year. People are used to calling this day “New Year’s Day”, commonly known as “Gregorian calendar year”, “Solar calendar year” or “new calendar year”.

new-year-day-fireworks

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