Xu Hun Poem: Passing by the Tomb of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty – 许浑《途经秦始皇墓》

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途经秦始皇墓[1]

许浑

龙盘虎踞树层层,

势入浮云亦是崩[2]

一种青山秋草里,

路人唯拜汉文陵[3]

注释:

[1] 秦始皇墓:位于陕西省临潼下河村附近,南倚骊山,北临渭水,建于公元前210年。原高五十丈,因为是土筑,经过两千年的风吹日晒,现在的秦始皇墓有四十三米,周长两千米。秦始皇,是中国第一个统一国家的皇帝,尽管功劳卓著,但是异常残暴,不但大征徭役,而且焚书坑儒,破坏了大量的中国传统文化遗产。

[2] 崩:古代把皇帝去世称为“驾崩”,以避讳“死”这个字。

[3] 汉文陵:汉文帝的陵墓霸陵,位于陕西西安东十余里,与秦始皇陵靠近。汉文帝,即汉高祖刘邦的儿子刘恒,他在位期间,励精图治,勤俭持国,奠定了汉代富强的基业,成就了“文景之治”的盛况。

Passing by the Tomb of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty

Xu Hun

The dragon coils and tiger crouches amid the trees;

The sky-scraping imperial tomb can’t but fall down.

The hill’s still green with grass when blows the autumn breeze,

But the passers-by worship only the new crown.

The imperial tomb was built in 210 BC.

《途经秦始皇墓》是唐代诗人许浑创作的一首七言绝句。此诗浑厚有味,通过对比手法来对历史人物加以抑扬,反映了作者对刚恨残暴的统治者的愤恨和对谦和仁爱的统治者的怀念,诗意填密,字挟风雷,轻巧疏宕,唱叹有情,富有幽美的艺术魅力。

The poem “Passing by the Tomb of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty” is a seven-line poem written by Xu Hun, a poet of the Tang Dynasty. The poem is thick and flavorful, reflecting the author’s resentment against the brutal ruler and his nostalgia for the humble and benevolent ruler through contrasting techniques to suppress and improve the historical figures.

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